A Scottish Highlander in authentic Highland long kilt. The portion of the kilt hanging down in back is used as a blanket when out in the glens and is pulled over the shoulders to keep out the cold and wet.
FREEDOM: THE SCOTLAND CONNECTION
My sister Mary's prize winning jam was decorated in civil war dress for the event. It was a big seller from the beginning
The Wildrose Trilogy
Still a Yankee! The Union flag
Book #3 in the Wildrose Series
Sword of the Wild Rose
Food staples of the war
Bread, cheese and cornbread
Fruit and dried berries
Dried fruit traveled well. Note the Ohio "buckeyes"
The Civil War medical supplies
Night before the battle
MY CIVIL WAR ANCESTOR
Amaziah Cutright, b: 7/8/1830 Ross Co Oh, d: 2/28/1905
UNION OHIO VOLUNTEERS
Genealogy: Amaziah Cutright, father of Henry, was born in Springfield Twp., spent his active career there as a farmer and died at the age of seventy-four. He married Mary J. Hanks, a name that introduces another family of early settlers in Ross County. She was born in Springfield Twp. Her father, Isaac Hanks, was a native of Virginia and her grandfather, Thomas Hanks, was also born in the same commonwealth and came to Ross County about 1800. Thomas Hanks was of the same family stock that produced the mother of Abraham Lincoln.
Amaziah Cutright b. 7/8/1830 d. 7/2/1904
Scots In America - Great American Scots
John Macintosh, developer of the Mackintosh red apple, was born in New York State: his father emigrated to the US from Inverness. Apple Computers have named a range of computers after him.
US dentist William Morton, who pioneered the use of anesthesia, was of Scottish descent.
Harvard Medical School was founded by three doctors - of the three, only Dr Benjamin Waterhouse, a graduate of the medical school at Edinburgh University, was a qualified doctor.
Ayrshire born Robert Gibson Eccles emigrated to the US where, in 1848, he discovered the properties of benzoic acid and benzoate as a food preservative.
Distinguished US scientist Samuel Guthrie (1728-1848) was of Scots descent. He was one of the pioneers of vaccination and in 1831 discovered chloroform.
Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) is one of the most influential Scots in American history. His father was Scottish and he himself was born in the British colony of Nevis, located in the West Indies. One of the main authors of the Federalist essays - instrumental in the forming of the Constitution - he became the first US Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton developed an impressive and effective financial plan that created immediate faith in the government of a new nation.
On the bench of the first sitting of the Supreme Court in 1789 sat two Scottish Americans - John Blair and James Wilson. Two of the jurists present on this case were also of Scottish descent, John Rutledge and John Marshall. These jurors served as second and third justices of the court.
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, was the grandson of a Scottish Presbyterian minister. His term of office was an exemplary one, fighting for the cause of the common man and promoting the Scottish belief in a strong education system for the people of the county.
First American Secretary of War was a Scot named General Henry Knox, he was appointed in 1785.
General Winfield Scott was the grandson of a Scot who fought at the Battle of Culloden. He became the commanding general of the American forces during the Mexican War of 1846-48.
James Blair (1656-1743) (left), was the first president and founder of the College of William and Mary; he emigrated from Scotland in 1685.
Alexander Wilson, who emigrated from Scotland in 1794, was the first person to study North American birds. He was the author of the first seven volumes of the American Ornithology.
Scottish medical knowledge and training was the best in Europe during the mid-17th Century and many of the recipients traveled to the New World, bringing their advanced education with them. Washington's surgeon at the army fort in Winchester, Virginia was the Edinburgh trained James Craik, originally from Dumfriesshire. His exemplary service record prompted Washington to promote him to physician and surgeon of the whole US army in 1781. It was Craik, a close personal friend of the president, who diagnosed his final illness and treated him till his last hours. A mark of the esteem, in which he was held by Washington, was that he was remembered in his will: "To my compatriot in arms, and old and intimate friend, Dr Craik, I give my bureau (or, as the cabinet makers call it, tambour secretary), and the cabinet chair, an appendage of my study."
Flora MacDonald, the girl who helped the Young Pretender, Charles Edward Stuart, escape from his redcoat pursuers in the days after Culloden, ended her days in the Carolinas. She believed that Scottish emigration offered a chance, "To begin the world again, anew, in a new corner of it".
Andrew Carnegie, a poor Scots immigrant, found fame and fortune in the US where he became the Pittsburgh steel millionaire.
Many locations in America were nostalgically named after the places the Scottish immigrants had left behind. There are eight Aberdeen's, eight Edinburgh's, seven Glasgow's and eight places, simply known as Scotland, in the United States today.
Before the Declaration of Arbroath, Scotland was organized under a clan system. Many members of the great clans traveled to the New World and named the places in which they settled in honor of their clan names. Today there are areas named Campbell, Cameron, Crawford and Douglas, throughout the US.
The common Scottish surname suffix Mac or Mc can be seen at the start of many area names; in North Carolina alone there are 130 such places.
There are many societies in America, such as the St Andrew's Society - named after the patron saint of Scotland, that attempt to retain aspects of Scottish culture and heritage.
Clubs and societies celebrating Scottish ancestry were established in the 18th Century to assist struggling Scots in the new land.
Throughout America and Canada there are over 300 St Andrew's Societies, Caledonian Clubs and other Scottish societies.
Popular Scottish sport, such as golf and curling, were imported to America by the Scottish immigrants. Modern American track and field events originated from massive Scottish athletic tournaments.
The Scots were a valuable addition to a developing world. Their past experience of working in the harsh conditions of rural Scotland, combined with their hard-working Presbyterian upbringing, made them an ideal people to help build America in its formative years.
There were three distinctive groups of peoples of Scottish ancestry that emigrated to America: the Lowland Scots, the Highland Scots and the Scotch-Irish.
Religious persecution in Scotland prompted many to leave their homeland in the early 17th Century. Early settlements were established by these colonists in East Jersey in 1683 (now eastern and northern Jersey) and in South Carolina in 1698. Both these early colonies failed.
Scotland's history has been a tempestuous one, fraught with tension between England and Scotland. Between 1715 and 1745, more than 1,400 defeated Jacobite rebels were banished from their homeland and sent to America for their "crimes".
After the 1707 Union of the Parliaments, trade between Scotland and America dramatically increased. Merchants began to take advantage of the huge opportunities available in the New World, especially in the tobacco trade. Emigration by this group was mostly to Virginia where the tobacco trade was strongest.
The Scottish emigrants of the 18th Century were an educated group due to the Scottish Reformation, which had stressed the need for education, allowing every Scot the ability to read the bible.
Education has always played an important part in Scottish society, and these Scots played a crucial role in the early development of the New World. Most headmasters of the schools in the new colonies south of New York were Scottish or of Scottish ancestry. These establishments were fundamental in the education of America's future leaders; both Thomas Jefferson's and John Rutledge's tutors were Scottish immigrants.
Scots arriving in the New World soon established universities, colleges and other educational establishments such as Princeton University, which was initially named the College of New Jersey, when founded in 1746.
During the mid-17th Century Scottish medical establishments were second to none in the fields of education and science. Many recipients of these teachings came to America, where their influence can be seen to this day.
Many Americans traveled to Scotland to gain an education in medicine. In 1775 there were 3,500 people practicing medicine in the US, though only 350 or 400 actually held degrees. Most of those holding degrees had been educated in Scotland.
The Scots greatest contribution to American medicine was the belief that it was not simply the body but the mind that must be healed. Drawing upon their knowledge of philosophy and the humanities they expounded the need to be humane when treating patients.
Scots were crucial in establishing separate medical teaching institutions; previously all medical education had been taught within the confines of medical establishments.
Scots have played their part in the political history of the United States. More than one hundred governors of pre-Revolutionary colonies and post Revolutionary States were of Scottish birth or descent.
35 US Supreme Court Justices have been Scots.
Of 73 Great Americans in the Hall of Fame, 25 were of Scottish blood.
Nearly half of the Secretaries of the US Treasury and one third of the Secretaries of State have been of Scots origin.
Of the fifty-six signatories of the Declaration of Independence, nine were directly or indirectly descended from Scots.
9 out of 13 Governors of the newly created United States were Scots or of Scottish descent.
Of fifty judges of the Supreme Court from 1759-1882 at least fifteen were of Scottish ancestry.
James Pollock (1810-90), responsible for putting "In God We Trust" on the US coinage, was of Scottish descent.
The Covenanter movement to maintain the reforms of the Scottish Reformation came to the fore with signing of the National Covenant of 1638 in opposition to royal control of the church, promoting Presbyterianism as a form of church government instead of an Episcopal policy governed by bishops appointed by the Crown. The dispute led to the Wars of the Three Kingdoms and the overthrow of the monarchy. With the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 the Covenants were declared treasonable and Episcopacy was restored. Particularly in the south-west of Scotland, ministers refused to submit. Barred from their churches, they held open air field assemblies called conventicles which the authorities suppressed using military force.
The Massacre at Glenco 1692
A roof for their heads, dry shoes for their feet
We wined them and dined them, they ate of our meat
And they slept in the house of MacDonald.
And covers the grave o' Donald
O, cruel was the foe that raped Glencoe
And murdered the house of MacDonald
The Campbell had orders King William had signed
"Put all to the sword" these words underlined
"And leave none alive called MacDonald"
This band of Argyles, through snow soft and deep
Like murdering foxes amongst helpless sheep
They slaughtered the house of MacDonald
Some fled in the night and were lost in the snow
Some lived to accuse him who struck the first blow
But gone was the house of MacDonald
Battle Summary of the Massacre
Following the ascent of Protestant William III and Mary II to the English and Scottish thrones, many clans in the Highlands rose up in support of James II, their recently deposed Catholic king. Known as Jacobites, these Scots fought to return James to the throne, but were defeated by Government troops in mid-1690. In the wake of James' defeat at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland, the former king withdrew to France to begin his exile. On August 27, 1691, William offered the Jacobite Highland clans a pardon for their role in the uprising provided that their chiefs swore allegiance to him by the end of the year.
"We are people to whom the past is forever speaking. We listen to it because we cannot help ourselves, for the past speaks to us with many voices. Far out of that dark nowhere which is the time before we were born, men who were flesh of our flesh and bone of our bone went through fire and storm to break a path to the future. We are part of the future they died for; they are part of the past that brought the future.
What they did, the lives they lived, the sacrifices they made, the stories they told and the songs they sang and, finally, the deaths they died, make up a part of our own experience. We cannot cut ourselves off from it. It is as real to us as something that happened last week. It is a basic part of our heritage as Americans". -Bruce Catton
After seven years in the dungeon and without trial, Malcolmson was beheaded, and the two Davidsons suffered brutal torture, hanged, and had their heads fixed on poles at the spot where they were said to have committed the crime. This was certainly a statement against our unfortunate Clansmen, and for them, a brutal death after a long and miserable incarceration in the castle dungeon at Loch an Eilean.
Lachlan Shaw (1775) Available as PDF online
The present church was built in 1798, but is believed to contain elements of the earlier parish kirk of St Drostan. 150 skeletons were discovered beneath the church when it was refurbished...
Just off the B9152 at the southern end of Loch Alvie
'It is a Clava-type cairn, named after the site of Clava in Strathnairn. Excavations at similar cairns have unearthed fragments of burnt human bone...'
Sign-posted from Aviemore main street.
The site of an old chapel is indicated by an oval enclosure, now filled with field stones. On the southern edge of the bank are two Pictish carved stones.
Park in the disused quarry about 350 metres east of the entrance to Congash Farm on the A95. The site can be reached through a gate at the back of the quarry, and is located at the far end of the field to the south. Again, waterproof footwear advised.
Open Apr-Oct daily Nov-Mar, Thurs-Sun 1100-1600
Open Mar - Dec
Off A9 on A86
Open Mid April – Oct. Definitely worth some time.
Off A86 on B970 one mile south of Kingussie. Open all year.